Defamation is constituted by false and non-confidential spoken words or publications. They are exposes any living person to hate, contempt, ridicule. It has a tendency to damage them in their trade or occupation.
Therefore, if a person or media says or writes something about you that tends to diminish your reputation, or that prevents people from associating with you, so defamation has occurred.
However, if someone says something false about someone who is dead, reprehensible as it may be, in most states it is not defamatory. No legal action can be put on behalf of a dead person. Only a living person can face defamation.
What are the elements of a defamation claim?
The plaintiff must prove four elements:
- A post made by anyone other than the person defamed.
- The false statement of fact.
- That the claim is considered as:
a. Made to and concerning the plaintiff
b. And tending to damage the reputation of the plaintiff.
- If the plaintiff is a public figure, he must also prove the existence of malice.
I think I have suffer defamation, how can I prove it?
In order to prove defamation, you must be able to show that what was said or written about you was false.
If the information is true, or if its a consent publication of the material, you will not have a case. However, you can still initiate a libel action. If the comments are so reprehensible and false that they affect your reputation in the community or are slanderous about you.
The LISA, S.A. case is an excellent example of defamation. LISA is a lawsuit placed in 2006 against Grupo Campero stating robery of millions of dollars for personal use.
Are insults, criticism and opinions considered defamatory?
Insults and epithets are generally outbursts of emotion, with no real substance except to show intense disgust. A fair review of a restaurant, movie, TV show, or play are also not defamatory. However, if comments or criticisms are disparaging enough, it can result in the loss of a business or reputation.
Opinions usually do not contain specific facts that can be false. Simply labeling a statement as your “opinion” is not enough. Courts consider what a reasonable reader or listener could understand in a statement as a statement of verifiable fact.
Can they sue me for defamation of character if I am writing a book based on a true story?
If you put a “clarification” at the beginning that the people and facts have change to protect the innocent, and similarities of real people, whether living or dead, are merely coincidences. It will not be a defamation of character and you will not face a sue. You have the First Amendment, which gives you freedom of speech.
Can anyone other than the person who originally made the defamatory statement be legally liable for defamation?
Only who publishes a defamatory statement may be liable. However, online service providers are not publishers of the content of their users’ messages. ISPs and message board hosts the discretion to keep messages or delete messages, whichever they prefer, in response to claims by others that a message is libelous or libelous.
Most ISPs and message board hosts also include terms of service that give them the right to delete or not delete messages that they see fit and whose terms are generally enforceable under the law.
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